Modern English is a language with compound and diverse roots. While English is usually introduced as a Germanic language, this is more confounding than informative, since there is an other equitably strong impact, like French, and also because so much of German is shaped by its own noticeable inheritance from Greek. The debt English incurs to Greek is so old it’s easy to ignore.

Influence of the Ancient Greek Alphabet

The most discernible effect Greek has left on English implicates the alphabet. Many letters in English have been taken from ancient Greek; for example, the English letters “a” and “b” are alterations on the Greek letters “alpha” and “omega.” And while most of the English alphabet has its foundations in ancient Latin, a big part of the Latin alphabet is a transpiration of Greek. For instance, the “ch” synthesis in English comes from Latin, but the Latin form was a clarification of the Greek “chi.” Many words in English, like chemistry and charisma, are constructed from this couplet of letters.

Terminology That Comes from Ancient Greek

A profound portion of the English lexicon is either taken straight away from Greek, acquired from Greek obliquely through other languages like Latin, French or German or is created out of the different parts of ordinary Greek words. The influence of Greek terminology on English is most clear when it comes to technical, scientific language. Typical examples contain diagnosis, analysis, synthesis, antithesis and method. Also, the names of academic disciplines are often formed by integrating the Greek word “logos” with another Greek word. “Logos” is usually translated as “speech” or “thought” and, in this reference, means the study of something. For instance, archeology   combines “archeo,” the Greek word for ancient, with “logos” to mean the study of ancient artifacts. 

Terminology that comes from Ancient Greek Indirectly

Greek densely influenced Latin, which was the prevailing language of cultural trade in Europe for centuries. Around half of all English words originate from Latin and a considerable portion of those have their terminal origin in Greek. Much of what English has acquired from French and German also derive from Greek through the median of Latin. In harmony to “Lingua Franca”, the semiannual magazine of the foreign language branch at Salem State University, “village,” “magnify,” “bonus” and “fame” are all words that Latin adopted from Greek and that English afterwards copied from Latin.

Ancient Greek Grammar and its Influence on English

English grammar is mostly copied from German, which has been seriously effected by Greek. Even the word “grammar” is Greek. The most elemental grammatical concepts in English like noun, subject, adjective, predicate, preposition and pronoun are also essential to Greek. While English grammar is not exactly alike to Greek, practically all of its main grammatical groups are originally Greek.

Widely Known Ideas  

Some of the most popular current ideas in English, ones commonly understood as characteristically contemporary, were actually conceived in ancient Greece. For instance, the word “democracy,” as well as the governmental form itself, date back to ancient Greece. In addition, the many fusions of the word “auto” are all basically Greek: “autocracy,” “autonomy,” “autobiography” and “autograph” are simply recognizable cases. So much of the Western world’s cultural legacy, like its grammatical one, is profoundly obligated to its Greek predecessors.